Everything you need to know about asthma
What is asthma?
Asthma is a disease that affects the lungs. It is one of the most commonly known lung diseases that affect a vast majority of the population. It usually affects children but adults can have asthma too. The most common effects of asthma are wheezing, coughing, and breathlessness, waking up early in the morning or at night with the feeling of breathlessness. In most of the cases, there is no specific evidence to suggest what exactly causes cancer or what cures it. But it is understood that if someone in your family has asthma, you are most likely to get it.
One of the major disadvantages of asthma is that it is extremely difficult to tell whether someone has asthma or not. Children under the age of 5 years should get their lungs checked, to see if you have any allergies which can all help to find out if you have asthma.
When the doctor is checking to see if you have asthma or not. The standard questions he will ask is whether you find it difficult to breathe after any kind of major physical activity. Whether you cough a lot at night or whether seasonal changes affects your cough and worsens it.
There is also a standard test called spirometry to find out how your lungs are working. The doctor will use a mouthpiece attached to a computer to evaluate how much air there is in your lungs.
What is an Asthma attack like?
An asthma attack is basically when there is wheezing, coughing and difficulty in breathing. The attack basically happens on your body’s airways which are the channel s through which air is passed into the lungs. As the air moves through your lungs. The airways generally become smaller and shrink in size. Which is the natural movement of the lungs. When you are experiencing an asthma attack. What happens is that the sides of the airways in your lungs swell and this causes them to shrink in size. Fewer amounts of hair get in and out of the lungs and the mucus which our body naturally makes clogs up the airways.
You can control your asthma by recognizing the warning signs of an asthma attack. Distancing yourself from things that cause an asthma attack and following the doctor’s advice.
It is difficult to cure yourself of asthma. All one can do is control their asthma by taking certain precautions. Which involve you staying away from anything which can cause any kind of allergic reaction. Some medicines can be breathed in and some can be taken in the form of a pill. There are quick relief and long term medication for asthma. The quick-relief medication ensures that the symptoms of the attack are controlled. Asthma attacks can have certain side effects but these are not long lasting and do not stay with you for very long. A long term medicine is known to be a better option for anyone.