What is Allergy?
Allergy is quiet common today; everyone seems to have an allergy to something. Basically, allergies are the result of overreaction of the immune system by the allergens. The allergic reactions triggered by environmental factors are called allergens. It is classified as a type of hypersensitivity reaction which occurs to harmless substance in the environment. This reaction happens to the excessive activation of white blood cells by certain types of antibodies.
The allergy can be hereditary and it passes through genes. But even without heredity a person can contract allergy at any stage of life. It is a disorder of the human body which is called as an “atopy”. Allergic reaction is an inflammatory response that can be severe or mild. Mild allergic reactions consist of Itching, red spot on the skin, nasal congestion and discomfort. Severe allergic reactions can affect sensitive people in different situations and its symptoms are very harmful. This reaction is also known as anaphylaxis and some times it becomes life threatening.
Symptoms of allergic reaction:
- Swelling of mouth, eyes and throat
- Feeling of weakness due to low blood pressure
- Severe asthma
- Problem in swallowing or speaking
- Abdominal pain, vomiting and nausea
- Hives or Rashes anywhere on the body
- Alteration in heart rate
- Unconsciousness and collapse
- Red eyes and watery eyes
- Anxiety or tightness in chest
The types of allergies you get it can be different and come at any point of your life. It is a condition that suffers many people due to different factors. This is a multi organ disease, affecting by multiple reasons. Because it is necessary to have knowledge about it and its causes. There are many types of allergies and different ways to treat and detect them.
Types of Allergies:
- Food allergy
- Allergy with dust, smoke and pollution
- Seasonal allergy
- Skin allergy
- Allergy with pets or animals and plants
- Cosmetic allergy
- Chemical allergy
- Sun allergy i.e. sun reaction of the skin
- Penicillin allergy
- Allergy due to genetic factors
- Drug allergy
- Allergy with insect bites
- Respiratory allergy
It is actually a defense mechanism of the body. Because this disease is of different kind and has multiple reason of their occurrence. Some times it is harmful, so take some instance you may need urgent care. The treatments of allergies can depend upon the types of reaction you have experience. A doctor consult you some allergic test to see what exactly you are susceptible. The best method to overcome with this disease is to build up a good physical resistance, so that you can not easily affect with any allergic problem. It is necessary to take healthy diet such as eat fresh fruits, vegetable juices as well as take protein diet. You may not easily prevent any allergic reaction. So follow some simple steps that you can easily identify your allergy:
- Seek proper medical care
- Avoid exposure to the allergy
- Carry medication to treat anaphylaxis.